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National effort urged to overhaul 'broken' health data system
COLUMBUS, Ohio - Our system for protecting health data in the United States is fundamentally broken and we need a national effort to rethink how we safeguard this information, say three experts in data privacy. In a perspective article in the April 18, 2019, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine , the experts call for an effort similar to what led to the Belmont Report in 1979, which laid the foundation for bioethics standards in the United States t ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 22
Weapons trade reveals a darker side to dark web
Debates over gun regulations make headlines across the world, but there s an underground operation for weapons that has drawn very little attention - until now. Researchers from Michigan State University crept into the dark web to investigate how firearms are anonymously bought and sold around the world. We know so little about the distribution of firearms sold on the dark web that it s kind of a black hole, similar to illicit pharmaceuticals and narcotics ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 22
Lack of access to antibiotics is a major global health challenge
Antibiotic resistance is an emerging global public health threat spurred by the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. While overuse of antibiotics is widely accepted as a major health challenge, it is less well known that many people in low- and middle-income countries continue to die because they lack access to antibiotics. The majority of the world s annual 5.7 million antibiotic-treatable deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries where the mortality ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
Colombia experience could help reduce UK knife crime and street violence
A leading public health expert says the UK should learn lessons from systematic violence reduction work in Cali, Columbia to tackle rising rates of knife crime on British streets. The work in Columbia resulted in significant reductions in homicides between 1995 and 2018. Writing in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine , Professor John Ashton describes how, faced with a horrendous toll of over 1,000 drug related homicides each year, the Mayor of Cal ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
Harmful compounds might be formed when foods containing the sweetener sucralos...
The available data show that harmful compounds, some with carcinogenic potential, might occur when Sucralose and especially Sucralose-containing foods such as canned vegetables or baked goods are heated. When Sucralose E 955 is heated to temperatures higher than 120 deg C a gradual - and with further increasing temperature continuous - decomposition and dechlorination of the sweetener occurs. Temperatures of between 120 deg C and 150 deg C are possible dur ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
New meta-analysis of glyphosate-based plant protection products does not alter...
In the meta-analysis, Luoping Zhang, University of California, Berkeley, and her team pursued the question of whether people who used plant protection products containing glyphosate such as farmers and gardeners had an increased risk of contracting Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma NHL , a form of lymph node cancer. To this end, the scientists evaluated updated data from the Agricultural Health Study AHS , a large-scale cohort study, and five case-control studies. The ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
China, India economic development key to achieving MDG for safe drinking water
Tokyo - The United Nations Millennium Development Goals MDGs attempted from 2000 to 2015 produced mixed and debatable results. But there was at least one clear MDG victory safe drinking water. MDG Target 7C sought to halve, by 2015, the ratio of the world s people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. In this, the drinking water target was reportedly realized in 2010. No such global target on drinking water had ever before ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
Changes in gun purchases after mass shootings
Bottom Line For this analysis, researchers examined monthly data on U.S. background checks for gun purchases and permits from November 1998 through April 2016, and they looked for purchasing trends after mass shootings during that time. A total of 124 major mass shootings 5 or more individuals injured or killed and nearly 234 million background checks occurred. Researchers report 26 of the shootings 21 percent were associated with increases in gun purchase ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
New algorithm helps to detect and analyze suspicious activity in surveillance ...
BINGHAMTON, NY - New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York, could make it easier to track and process suspicious activity in surveillance footage. Traditional surveillance cameras do not always detect suspicious activities or objects in a timely manner. To combat this issue, Binghamton University Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering Yu Chen and his team developed a hybrid lightweight tracking algorithm know ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
Police stops unintentionally increase criminal behavior in black and Latino yo...
New York, NY - Black and Latino adolescent boys who are stopped by police report more frequent engagement in delinquent behavior thereafter, finds a new study by New York University s Steinhardt School. The research also demonstrates that police stops have a negative impact on the adolescents psychological well-being. Our findings indicate that the single most common proactive policing strategy - directing officers to make contact with individual boys and ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
How artificial intelligence can help in the fight against human trafficking
The crime of human trafficking - defined by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security as modern-day slavery that involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act - is notoriously difficult to prosecute. It is often misidentified as a single, isolated crime, like prostitution or a drug offense, says Dan Lopresti , professor and chair of the department of science and engineering at Lehigh University s P.C. Rossi ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15
Knife crime: Assault data can help forecast fatal stabbings in London, study s...
Knife crime data from a 12-month period could be used to help forecast the London neighbourhoods most likely to suffer a fatal stabbing the following year, according to latest research. Cambridge criminologists worked with a Metropolitan Police detective to show that the number of assaults resulting in knife injuries over one year correlated with an increased risk of deadly knife crime in the same small areas the next year. DCI John J. Massey from the Met ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 15