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Teachers 'scarred' by legacy of 1988 anti-LGBT+ law
LGBT teachers who taught in schools during the late 1980s and 1990s remain scarred by the effects of Section 28 of the Local Government Act in England - a piece of legislation introduced in 1988 banning the promotion of homosexuality in schools - according to new research published in the journal Sex Education . The legislation was introduced partly as a reaction to a 1986 children s book called Jenny Lives with Eric and Martin, which depicted the life of ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
The Lancet: Global study highlights role of democracy in improving adult health
Democratic governance is linked with declines in cardiovascular disease mortality and road deaths, as well as increases in government health spending Life expectancy improved faster in countries that transitioned to democracy between 1970 and 2015 compared to those that did not--increasing by an average of 3 after 10 years Democracy appears to play a bigger part in health outcomes than a country s GDP--accounting for about 25 of the reductions in deaths fr ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
Special effects: How a movie could reduce corruption
They don t give an Academy Award for this, but a Nigerian feature film, Water of Gold, made viewers significantly more likely to report corruption, according to a new paper co-authored by an MIT researcher. That s the main outcome of an innovative experiment designed to investigate whether media, such as films, can shift social norms and combat corruption. In the case of Water of Gold, in Nigeria, the film clearly can change behavior. Or at least one versi ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
Tobacco control policies linked to reduced smoking
Increases in tobacco taxes and smoke-free policies in European countries were significantly related with a reduction in smoking among older adults, according to a new Addiction study. For the study, investigators examined data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe SHARE on adults aged 50 years and older in four waves from 2004 to 2013 from 10 countries. A negative association between tobacco control policies and smoking was observed es ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
Nearly half of Americans have had a family member jailed, imprisoned
In a groundbreaking Cornell-led study illuminating the extensive scope of mass incarceration in the U.S., nearly 1 in 2 Americans have had a brother or sister, parent, spouse or child spend time in jail or prison - a far higher figure than previously estimated. The study is the first to accurately measure the share of Americans - 45 percent - who have ever had an immediate family member jailed or imprisoned for one night or more. The researchers had assume ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
Distracted drivers 29 times more likely to wreck in a highway work zone
A vehicle traveling at 55 mph covers a distance greater than a football field in five seconds. With the average text taking approximately five seconds to read, that s at least a football field s worth of driver inattention. Texting while driving is dangerous, and possibly even fatal, especially in a highway work zone. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri say drivers not paying attention -- such as answering a phone call, a text message, or being ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
The Lancet Global Health: Restrictive migration policies contribute to poor mi...
Restrictive entry and integration policies are having an adverse effect on the health of migrants in high-income countries, according to the most comprehensive assessment of the impact of general migration policies on migrant health, published in The Lancet Global Health journal. The systematic review and meta-analysis, synthesising all the available evidence from the scientific literature, finds that international migrants facing restrictive policies such ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
States with permissive gun laws have higher mass shooting rates
States with more permissive gun laws and greater gun ownership have higher rates of mass shootings, and a growing divide is emerging between states with restrictive versus permissive gun laws. According to a new study, researchers at Columbia Mailman School of Public Health found that in most years permissive states had higher mass shooting rates compared to restrictive states. The results showed that a 10 unit increase in state permissiveness was associat ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
The calypso caliphate: How Trinidad and Tobago became an ISIS recruiting hotspot
Research from the University of Kent has shed new light on individuals from Trinidad and Tobago that have travelled to Iraq and Syria to join ISIS since 2013, finding that they do not conform to the stereotypical Western view of an ISIS fighter. The official number of Trinidadian nationals who travelled to Syria and Iraq between 2013 and 2016 is around 130, making it - proportional to its population - one of the highest exporters of overseas ISIS fighters. ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
Race, gender and age affect who writes majority opinions for state supreme cou...
A new study provides evidence that the gender, age and race of state supreme court justices may influence whether they are asked to write the majority opinion in a case. The analysis of three years worth of cases from the fourteen states where the opinion assignment is discretionary, just like the United States Supreme Court, rather than being assigned randomly or on a rotation found the following Female justices are more likely to be assigned to write an ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
Green tech startups see boost in patents and investment when partnering with g...
Latest research on hundreds of new green technology companies in the US shows the patenting activity of a startup climbs by over 73 on average every time they collaborate with a government agency on cleantech development - from next-generation solar cells to new energy storage materials. The study also found that every time a cleantech startup licensed a technology developed by a government agency, the company secured - on average - more than double the am ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 18
New study shows use of medication abortion rebounded in Texas after FDA label ...
AUSTIN, Texas--A new Texas Policy Evaluation Project TxPEP study shows that use of medication abortion, also known as the abortion pill, bounced back in Texas after a March 2016 label change by the US Food and Drug Administration FDA . The label change impacted the use of mifepristone, one of the two medications used for medication abortion, and essentially nullified the restrictions put in place in 2013 by Texas House Bill 2 HB 2 , legislation that contri ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 4