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Public transit agencies should not have to disclose safety planning records in...
WASHINGTON - To enable public transit agencies to engage in more rigorous and effective safety planning, their safety planning records should not be admissible as evidence in civil litigation, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. State highway agencies and commuter railroads have been granted such evidentiary protections, and the committee that conducted the study and wrote the report found no compelling rea ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jun 1
Conflicting guidance on opioid prescribing can jeopardize pain mgmt for patien...
PHILADELPHIA May 31, 2018 - Persistent pain and recurrent episodes of pain are common for those who are living with cancer, or for those undergoing cancer treatment. When used properly, prescription opioids have long been known to help combat pain experienced by people with cancer. In the face of the worsening opioid epidemic, clinical guidelines have been published by multiple agencies to improve the way opioids are prescribed and to reduce the number of ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jun 1
Labor exploitation is endemic in global tea and cocoa industries, internationa...
Labour exploitation including forced labour is endemic at the base of global tea and cocoa supply chains, according to a pioneering international study published by researchers at the University of Sheffield today 31 May 2018 . The two-year Global Business of Forced Labour study investigated the business models of forced labour in global tea and cocoa supply chains. Forced labour is work brought about by physical, psychological or economic coercion. Extens ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jun 1
Handgun purchaser licensing laws linked to fewer firearm homicides in large, u...
State laws that require gun purchasers to obtain a license contingent on passing a background check performed by state or local law enforcement are associated with a 14 percent reduction in firearm homicides in large, urban counties, a new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found. Studies have shown that these laws, which are sometimes called permit-to-purchase licensing laws, are associated with fewer firearm homicides at the s ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jun 1
New in the Hastings Center Report, May-June 2018
Genetic Privacy, Disease Prevention, and the Principle of Rescue Madison K. Kilbride People who undergo genetic testing sometimes discover that they carry mutations that increase their risk of hereditary disease. Even if they want to keep their genetic information private, are they ethically obligated to tell family members who might also be affected Madison K. Kilbride, a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the Per ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jun 1
Numbers about inequality don't speak for themselves
Using statistics to inform the public about racial disparities can backfire. Worse yet, it can cause some people to be more supportive of the policies that create those inequalities, according to new Stanford research. One of the barriers of reducing inequality is how some people justify and rationalize it, said Rebecca Hetey, a Stanford psychology researcher. A lot of people doing social justice work wonder why attitudes are so immune to change. Our resea ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jun 1
Don't force women to risk death, injury by having a baby
Laws should not force women to risk death and injury by having a baby, according to a QUT legal academic who has says abortion can be decriminalised without society and governments making a moral judgement. Dr Andrew McGee, a researcher in medical law and ethics with the QUT Law School, said there were two major grounds for decriminalisation - women s right to reject the health risk of pregnancy and the stalemate regarding abortion s moral acceptability. A ...
EurekAlert - Mon. May 28
'Deforestation-free' palm oil not as simple as it sounds
Genuinely deforestation-free palm oil products are problematic to guarantee, according to a new study. Palm oil is a vegetable oil that is used in thousands of products worldwide, including an estimated 50 of all products on supermarkets shelves, from food to detergents to cosmetics. Although growing palm trees requires less land and resources than traditional vegetable oils, the cultivation of palm oil is a major cause of tropical deforestation, particula ...
EurekAlert - Mon. May 28
Preventing murder by addressing domestic violence
Victims of domestic violence are at a high risk to be murdered--or a victim of attempted murder-- according to a Cuyahoga County task force of criminal-justice professionals, victim advocates and researchers working to prevent domestic violence and homicides. In the first year of the initiative, the Cuyahoga County Domestic Violence High Risk Team DVHRT partnered with researchers from Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Police Department in d ...
EurekAlert - Mon. May 28
Study: Guns in Chicago just '2.5 handshakes' away
EVANSTON, Ill. --- In one of the first studies to try to map a gun market using network science, researchers used the novel scientific approach to understand how close offenders are to guns in the city of Chicago. Recreating Chicago s co-offending network of approximately 188,000 people, the researchers used data on firearms recovered by the Chicago Police Department to locate who in the network possessed those guns. Literally, we wanted to know how many h ...
EurekAlert - Mon. May 28
Training compassion 'muscle' may boost brain's resilience to others' suffering
MADISON, Wis. -- It can be distressing to witness the pain of family, friends or even strangers going through a hard time. But what if, just like strengthening a muscle or learning a new hobby, we could train ourselves to be more compassionate and calm in the face of others suffering That is the question behind research from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and a new study suggests that as little as two weeks of compassion meditation training -- intent ...
EurekAlert - Mon. May 28
The role of race in police contact among homeless youth
More than 1.7 million U.S. youth experience homelessness each year, according to the U.S. Department of Justice. Homeless youth are at an increased risk of being stopped by police and arrested, yet it is unclear if this interaction is related to race. A new longitudinal study examined the likelihood of homeless youth of different races being harassed and arrested by police. The study found that non-White homeless youth are more likely than White homeless y ...
EurekAlert - Mon. May 28